Bismillahir Rahmanir Raheem
Assalam Alaikum Wa Rahmath Ullahi Wa Barkatahu
One of the most important principles of Islam is that all things belong to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust.
The word Zakat means both ‘Purification’ and ‘Growth’. Our possessions are purified by setting aside a proportion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth.
Zakat is the amount of money that every adult, mentally stable, free, and financially able Muslim, male and female, has to pay to support specific categories people.
This category of people is defined in surah at-Taubah (9) verse 60:
” The alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free the captives and the debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and (for) the wayfarers; a duty imposed by Allah. Allah is knower, Wise.”
(The Holy Qur’an 9:60).
The obligatory nature of Zakat is firmly established in the Qur’an, the Sunnah (or hadith), and the consensus of the companions and the Muslim scholars.
Allah states in Surah at-Taubah verses 34-35: “34:
O ye who believe! there are indeed many among the priests and anchorites, who in Falsehood devour the substance of men and hinder (them) from the way of Allah. And there are those who bury gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah. announce unto them a most grievous penalty- 35:On the Day when heat will be produced out of that (wealth) in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs, their flanks, and their backs.- “This is the (treasure) which you buried for yourselves: taste you, then, the (treasures) you buried!”
(The Holy Qur’an 9:34-35).
The prophet (pbuh) said:
“Any owner of gold and silver who does not deliver from them their right, on the Day of Quiyamah (Day of Judgment), (the gold and silver) will be shaped as foils of fire. Then it will be heated in the fire of Hell; (and) then with it he will be ironed on his side, his forehead, and his back”
(narrated by Muslim).
It is agreed between Muslims in all the centuries the obligatory nature of paying Zakat for gold and silver, and from those the other kinds of currency.
Zakat is obligatory when a certain amount of money, called the nisabis reached or exceeded.
Zakat is not obligatory if the amount owned is less than this nisab.
The nisab (or minimum amount) of gold and golden currency is 20 mithqal,this is approximately 85 grams of pure gold.
One mithqal is approximately 4.25 grams.
The nisab of silver and silver currency is 200 dirhams,
which is approximately 595 grams of pure silver. The nisab of other kinds of money and currency is to be scaled to that of gold, 85 grams of pure gold.
This means that the nisab of money is the price of 85 grams of 999-type (pure) gold,
on the day in which Zakat is paid.
When is Zakat Due ?
1. Passage of One Lunar Year :
Zakat is obligatory after a time span of one lunar year passes with the money in the control of it’s owner.
Then the owner needs to pay 2.5%
(or 1/40) of the money as Zakat.
(A lunar year is approximately 355 days).
2. Deduction of Debts:
The owner should deduct any amount of money he or she borrowed from others;
then check if the rest reaches the necessary nisab, then pays Zakat for it.
If the owner had enough money to satisfy the nisab at the beginning of the year, then
the money increased (in profits, salaries, inheritance, grants…etc.),
the owner needs to add the increase to the nisab amount owned at the beginning of the year ;
then pay Zakat, 2.5%, of the total at the end of the lunar year.
(there are small differences in the fiqh schools here)
Each Muslim calculates his or her own Zakat individually.
For most purposes this involves the payment each year of two and a half percent of one’s capital.
A pious person may also give as much as he or she pleases as sadaqa, and does so preferably in secret.
Although this word can be translated as
‘ voluntary charity ‘ it has a wider meaning. The Prophet said ‘even meeting your brother with a cheerful face is charity.’
‘ Charity is a necessity for every Muslim.
‘ He was asked :
‘ What if a person has nothing? ‘
The Prophet replied :
‘He should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something out of such earnings in charity.’
The Companions asked :
‘What if he is not able to work ?’
The Prophet said :
‘ He should help poor and needy persons.’ The Companions further asked
‘ What if he cannot do even that ?’
The Prophet said
‘He should urge others to do good.
‘ The Companions said
‘What if he lacks that also ?’
The Prophet said
‘ He should check himself from doing evil. That is also charity.’
As For Reminding ……….
What is Zakat?
Zakat is an obligatory duty and one of the five pillars of Islam. It is mandatory when two conditions are simultaneously satisfied which are– Nisab and the Due Date.
What is Nisab and its current value ?
In Sharia (Islamic Jurisprudence) nisab is the amount which savings or capital or product must exceed in order for the Muslim owner to be obliged to give zakat.
Several hadith have formulas for calculating nisab.
One of the most well known states that No Zakatis due on wealth until one year passes.
In general, nisab is considered an amount equal to the essential needs of a person or family for one year.
In many modern societies, nisab is often interpreted to equate a governmentally determined poverty threshold.
When is Zakat due date ?
Zakat is due after one Lunar (Hijri) year starting from either the first day you acquired the amount of Nisab or the day you paid Zakat last year.
The month of Ramadhan is considered to be the best time to pay Zakat.
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