GHUSL is the Islamic method of washing the body to obtain
purification from “Hadathe Akbar” or “Greater Impurity”.
Hadathe Akbar is caused by the following acts:
1) Discharge of semen accompanied by sexual lust, whether
such discharge occurs while sleeping or while awake.
2) Sexual intercourse.
3) Mensus (Haidh).
4) Blood discharge after child birth (Nifaas).If any of the above
acts results, one will be in a state of impurity (janaabat).
Purification is only possible by the means of Ghusl.
Rules regarding HADATHE AKBAR
In the state of Hadathe Akbar or Janaabat, the following things
are prohibited:
1) Salaat.
2) Touching the Holy Quraan.
3) Reciting the Holy Quraan, even without touching it.
4) To enter into a Mosque.
5) To make Tawaaf of the Holy Ka’bah
6) In the state of Haidh, intercourse is not
permissible; it is a great sin.
7) It is not permissible to remove, cut or break
any nails or hair from any part of the body
during the state of impurity.
How to perform GHUSL
The following is the Sunnat method of
performing Ghusl:
1) Wash both hands to the wrists. The hands
should NOT be dipped into the basin of water for
washing. Water should either run from the tap or
be poured from a container.
2) The private parts and the surrounding areas
must be washed, whether there is impurity or not.
3) Wash the part of the body where there may be
some impurity.
4) Make a FULL WUDHU. If Ghusl is being
made where the water pools around the feet, then
delay washing the feet until the END of the
5) After Wudhu, pour water over the head
THREE times.
6) Then, pour water over the right shoulder
THREE times.
7) Then, pour water over the left shoulder
THREE times. The water should be poured in
such a way that the ENTIRE body is thoroughly
8) If the feet were not washed at the time of
Wudhu, then wash them now. While pouring the
water, rub well to ensure that no part of the body
remains dry.
The FARDH acts of GHUSL
The Ghusl has three compulsory acts and they are
as follows:
1) Rinsing the mouth thoroughly, ensuring that
the water reaches the back of the throat.
2) Taking water into the nostrils to the limit of
the tender or fleshy part of the nose.
3) Drenching the WHOLE body – from head to
toe – thoroughly, ensuring that no part of the
body is left dry.
If the above points are carried out then the Ghusl
is complete and one is purified.Absolute care
must be taken to ensure that the Fardh acts are
not left out, as the Ghusl will not be valid.
The SUNNAT acts of GHUSL
1) Make niyyat (intention) for Ghusl
2) Wash both hands
3) Wash the private parts
4) Make Wudhu
5) Pour water over head thrice
6) Pour water over right shoulder thrice
7) Pour water over left shoulder thriceThere is
great reward in fulfilling the Sunnat acts. The
Sunnan acts listed above should not be neglected
or left out unnecessarily.
The MAKROOH acts of Ghusl
The factors, which are makrooh in Wudhu, are
also makrooh in Ghusl. Other Makrooh factors in
Ghusl are:
1) To recite ANY dua during Ghusl
2) To face the Qibla is not good
3) Speaking unnecessarily, while nude.
Some Masaa’il relating to Ghusl.
1) Do NOT face the Qibla when doing Ghusl.
2) Do NOT talk.
3) Make haste in covering the body after Ghusl.
4) Even if a single hair remains dry then the
Ghusl is NOT valid
5) If one recalls that a certain part of the body
was not washed then they can wash it at that
time. There is no need to repeat the Ghusl.
6) Nail varnish, rings and other ornaments must
be removed to ensure that the water reaches all
7) Any food particle stuck between the teeth
MUST be removed BEFORE performing Ghusl.
Remember to cut the nails of the fingers and toes
as well as removing any unwanted hair from
under the armpits and under the navel. The
removal of unwanted hair and nails should
preferably be carried out once a week. Care
should be taken that if nails/hair are left in excess
of 40 days then the person will be guilty of sin.
May ALLAH guide us on right path. Aamin
Our Lord! grant us good in this world
and good in the hereafter, and save us from the chastisement of the fire
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