Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
Assalaamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullaahi wa Barakaatuhu!
Ghusl ka Masnoon Tareeqah
Bismillaahir Rahmaanir Raheem
* MASNOON METHOD OF PERFORMING GHUSL *
‘A’isha (Radi Allaah Anha) reported:
‘When Allaah’s Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)
took a bath after Janaba, he first washed his hands:
he then poured water with his right hand
on his left hand and washed his private parts.
He then performed ablution as is done for prayer’.
He then took ome water and put his fingers
and moved them through the roots of his shair.
And when he found that these had been properly moistened,
then poured three handfuls on his head
and then poured water over his body
and subsequently washed his feet.’
(Hadith Sahih Muslim: Book #003, Hadith #0616)
Before making Ghusl one should make Niyyah (intention) thus: –
“I am performing Ghusl so as to become purified.”
Without Niyyah, there is no thawaab (reward) although Ghusl will be valid. Ghusl should be made in a place of total privacy and one should not face towards the Kiblah while making Ghusl. Ghusl may be performed standing or seated, preferably seated. Use sufficient water, don’t skimp nor be wasteful. One should abstain from speaking while performing Ghusl. It is better not to read any Kalimah or Aayah while bathing. Be aware of these rules whilst making Ghusl.
COMPULSORY ACTS OF GHUSL
There are three compulsory acts in Ghusl:
1. To rinse the mouth. (If you are not fasting, then gargle).
2. To clean the nostrils.. (ears as well)
3. To pour water over the whole body in such a way that a hair’s-breadth place is not left dry.
THE SUNNATS OF GHUSL
1. To wash both hands up to the wrists.
2. To wash the private parts and those parts over which impurity is found.
3. To make niyyah of removing the impurity.
4. To perform wuzoo first.
5. To pour water over the whole body thrice.
PROCEDURE FOR PERFORMING GHUSL:
* Wash both hands up to and including wrists.
* Wash the private parts. The hands and private parts should be washed even if one is not in the state of Janabat or Najasat.
* If there is Najasat elsewhere on the body, it should now be washed off.
* Perform Wudhu. If making Ghusl on a stool or platform where water will rapidly flow away, and then perform the complete Wudhu. If there is fear of the feet being immersed in wastewater during the Ghusl then postpone the washing of the feet to the end of the Ghusl. Ensure that the mouth and nostrils are thoroughly rinsed thrice.
* After performing Wudhu, pour water over the head thrice, then pour thrice over right shoulder and thrice again over left shoulder. Now pour water over entire body and rub. If the hair of the head is not plaited, it is compulsory to wet all the hair up to the very base. If a single hair is left dry, Ghusl will not be valid. If the hair of a woman is plaited, she is excused from loosening her plaited hair, but it is compulsory for her to wet the base of each and every hair. If one fails to do this then the Ghusl will not be valid. As for men who grow long hair and plait them, they are NOT excused from leaving their hair dry. If a woman experiences difficulty or is unable to wet the very bottom of her plaited hair, then it is necessary for her to unplaite her hair and wash her entire head. It is Mustahab (preferable) to clean the body by rubbing it. All parts of the body should be rubbed with the hand so as to ensure that water has reached all parts of the body, and that no portion is left dry. Rings and earrings, etc. should be moved so as to ensure that no portion covered by them is left dry. Ensure that the navel and the ears are all wetted. If they are not wet Ghusl will be incomplete.
* On completion one should confine oneself to a clean place. If, while performing Wudhu, the feet had been washed, it is not necessary to wash them again. Dry the body with a clean towel, and dress as hastily as possible.
If, after Ghusl, one recalls that a certain portion of the body is left dry, it is not necessary to repeat the Ghusl, but merely wash the dry portion. It is not sufficient to pass a wet hand over the dry place. If one has forgotten to rinse the mouth or the nostrils, these too could be rinsed when recalled after Ghusl has been performed.
Note 1: Both actions, i.e. to dry the body with a cloth / towel or to leave it wet, are Masnoon, so whichever of the two modes you choose, make the intention of following the Sunnat. (Mishkaat)
Note 2: Salaat can be performed after the Ghusl. There is no need to perform fresh wuzoo, regardless of the fact that one was naked during wuzoo /Ghusl. (Tirmizi)
* If the wuzoo breaks after the Ghusl, then a fresh wuzoo will be necessary.
* If dough has dried up on the nail or nail polish has been applied, the water will not reach the nail; hence wuzoo and Ghusl will not be valid. Generally, there is excessive negligence in this regard.
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