THE EXPLANATION OF THE PERFECT NAMES OF ALLAH TA’ALA

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In the name of Allah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate assalam.gif
“May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon You”

Praise be to Allaah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allaah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

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Allah

THE EXPLANATION OF THE PERFECT NAMES OF ALLAH TA’ALA

Surely, the Muttaqun (the pious who fear Allah swt much) desire to be amongst the Mufarradun (those who remember Allah, subhana watala, much, and whose enemies are destroyed by Allah, t’ala, for their wrong deeds).
The Names of Allaah mentioned in the Qur’aan and Sunnah number over one hundred, as several scholars have agreed (see Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa fi Sifaat Allaahi wa Asmaa’ihi by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen). Among these names are 99 that will lead to paradise, insha’Allah. The fact that there are 99 Names leading to paradise, is authenticated in the following hadith, although it does not list which Names those are: Sahih Muslim and Bukhari 8:419, Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever ‘ahsaha’ [enumerates them, believes in them, ponders their meanings, worships Allah by them and supplicates with them, and acts by them according to one’s belief in them] will enter Paradise; and Allah is Witr (“Odd”, i.e. He is one, and it is an odd number) and loves ‘the Witr’ (i.e., odd numbers).
The Noble Qur’an Ta-Ha 20:8 “Allâh! Lâ ilâhla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.”
The Noble Qur’an Al-A’raf 7:180 “And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do.”
“Shall I not inform you of the best of your deeds, the most sanctified in the sight of your Lord, that raises your ranks and that is better for you than spending in gold and money and better for you than meeting your enemy, striking their necks and them striking your necks?” They said, “Certainly [tell us].” He said, “It is dhikr (the remembrance of Allah).” [Recorded by Al-Tirmidhi. Sahih by al-Albani. Muhammad Naasir al-Deen al-Albani, Sahih al-Jaami al-Sagher, vol. 1, p. 612]
The Prophet (peace be upon him) made the following supplication, “[O Allah], I ask you of you by every name that You have named yourself or that You have revealed in Your book or that You have taught any of Your creation or that You have kept hidden, in the unseen knowledge, with Yourself.” (Recorded by Ahmad, According to al-Albani, it is sahih.)
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May Allah raise the rank of our master Muhammad and his family and Companions and protect his nation from that which he fears for it. The Names of Allah swt should be memorized, understood, acted upon, and called upon.
Al-^Adl
The Just; the One Who is entitled to do what He does.
Al-^Afuww
The Pardoner; the One with wide forgiveness. Surah An-Nisa 4:149
Al-Ahad
The Only One. Surah Ikhlas 112:1
74. Al-’Akhir
The Last; the One whose Existence is without an end. Surah Hadid 57:3
Allah
The One Who has the Godhood, which is the power to create the entities. Surah Taha 20:14
Al-Akram
The Most Bounteous. Surah ‘Alq :3
Al-A’la
The Most High. Surah A’la 87:7
Al-Allam
The Omniscient. Surah Ma’ida 5:112
Al-Ali
The Sublime and the Lofty; the One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures Surah Ash-Shu’ara 26:12
Al-^Alim
The Knower and the Knowledgeable; the One for Whom nothing is hidden from His Knowledge. Surah Baqarah 2:115
Al-^Azim
The Mighty; the One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement, and Purity from all imperfection. Surah Baqara 2:255
Al-^Aziz
The Mighty; the Defeater Who is not defeated. Surah Hashr 59:23
Al-’Awwal The First; the One whose Existence is without a beginning. Surah Hadid 57:3
Al-Badi^
The Enduring; the One Who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example. Surah Baqarah 2:117
Al-Ba^ith
The Resurrector; the One Who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment. Surah Hajj 22:7
Al-Bari’
The Maker; the Creator Who has the Power to turn the entities from one state to another. Surah Hashr 59:24
Al-Barr
The Benefactor; the One Who is kind to His creatures, Who covered them with His sustenance and specified whomever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy. Surah Tur 52:28
Al-Basir
The Seer, the One Who Sees all things that are seen by His eternal Sight without a pupil or any other instrument. Surah Imran 3:15
Al-Basit
The Expander; the One Who constricts the sustenance by His Wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.
Al-Batin
The Hidden; the One above Whom nothing exists and underneath Whom nothing exists; hence He exists without a place. His Existence is obvious by proofs. He is clear of the delusions of bodily attributes. Surah Hadid 57:3
Al-Baqi
The Everlasting; the One for Whom the state of non-existence is impossible. Surah Rahman 55:27
Ad–Darr
The Distresser
Dhul-Jalal Wal-’Ikram
Lord of Generosity and Majesty; the One Who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
Al-Fatir
The Creator. Surah Shura 42:11
Al-Fattah
The Opener; the One Who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters. Surah Saba 34:26
Al-Ghaffar
The One Who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again. Surah Nuh 71:10
Al-Ghafir
The Forgiver. Surah Mu’minun 23:3
Al-Ghalib
The Predominant. Surah Yusuf 12:21
Al-Ghafur
The Forgiving; the One Who forgives a lot. Surah Mala’ikah :28
Al-Ghaniyy
The Self-Sufficient; the One Who does not need the creation. Surah Mala’ikah :15
Al-Hadi
The Guide; the One with Whose Guidance His believers were guided, and with Whose Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them. Surah Furqan 25:31
Al-Hakim
The Wise; the One Who is correct in His doings. Surah Baqara 2:129
Al-Hamid
The Praiseworthy; the praised One Who deserves to be praised. Surah Hajj 22:64
Al-Hasib
The Reckoner; the One Who gives the satisfaction. Surah An-Nisa 4:6
Al-Hafiz
The Guardian and the Preserver; the One Who protects whatever and whomever He willed to protect. Surah Yusuf 12:64 and Surah Hud 11:57
Al-Hafiyy
The Gracious. Surah Maryam 19:47
Al-Hakam
The Judge; He is the Ruler, and His judgment is His Word.
Al-Halim
The Gentle; the One Who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them. Surah Bani Isra’il 17:44
Al-Haqq
The Truth; the One Who truly exists, i.e., the One Whose Existence is confirmed. Surah Hajj 22:6
Al-Hayy
The Living; the One Who is attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh, and blood. Surah Imran 3:2
Al-Illah
God. Surah Anbiyaa 21:108
Al-Jabbar
The Compeller; the One for Whom nothing happens in His dominion except what He willed. Surah Hashr 59:23
Al-Jalil
The Majestic; the One Who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status. Surah Rahman 55:78
Al-Jami^
The Gatherer; the One Who gathers the creatures on a day there is no doubt about, that is, the Day of Judgment. Surah Imran 3:9
Al-Kabir
The Great; the One Who is greater in status than everything. Surah Saba 34:23
Al-Kafi
The Sufficient One. Surah Zumar 39:36
Al-Kafil
The Surety. Surah Nahl 16:91
Al-Karim
The Generous; the One Who is clear of abjectness.
Al-Khabir
The Aware; the One Who knows the truth of things. Surah Saba 34:1
Al-Khafid
The Humbler.
Al-Khallqa
The Creator. Surah Hijr 15:86
Al- Khaliq
The Creator; the One Who brings everything from non-existence to existence. Surah Hashr 59:24
Al-Latif
The Subtle; the One Who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them. Surah An’am 6:104
Al-Majid
The Glorious and the Noble; the One Who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity, and Kindness. Surah Hud 11:73
Al-Malik
The King; the One with absolute Dominion, and the One Whose Dominion is clear of imperfection. Surah Taha 20:114 Surah Qamar 54:55
Al-Mannan
The Gracious. Surah Imran 3:164
Al-Mani^
The Preventer; the Supporter Who protects and gives victory to His pious believers.
Al-Matin
The Firm; the One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted, and Who does not get tired. Surah Zariyat 51:58
Al-Mawla
The Patron. Surah Anfal 8:40
Al-Mu’akhkhir
The Deferrer; the One Who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead whatever He wills and delays whatever He wills.
Al-Mubdi’
The Originator; the One Who started the human being, that is, He created him.
Al-Mubin
The Manifest. Surah Nur 24:25
Al-Mudhill
The Abaser; the One Who gives esteem to whomever He willed; hence there is no one to degrade him. The One Who degrades whomever He willed; hence there is no one to give him esteem.
Al-Mughni
The Enricher.
Al-Muhaymin
The Protector; the One Who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures. Surah 59:23
Al-Muhit
The All-Pervading. Surah Fussilat :54
Al-Muhsi
The Counter; the One Who knows the count of things.
Al-Muhyi
The Life-Giver; the One Who took out a living human from seminal fluid that does not have a soul. He quickens the dead by giving the souls back to the decayed bodies on the Resurrection Day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge. Surah Rum 30:50
Al-Mu^id
The Restorer; the One Who brings back the creatures after death.
Al-Mu^izz
The Honorer.
Al-Mujib
The Responder; the One Who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him. Surah Hud 11:61
Al-Mu’min
The One with Faith; the One Who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him; and Who witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him. Surah Hashr 59:23
Al-Mumit
The Death-Giver; the One Who renders the living dead. Surah A’raf 7:28
Al-Muntaqim
The Avenger; the One Who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One Who destroys them.
Al-Musawwir
The Fashioner; the One Who forms His creatures in different pictures. Surah Hashr 59:24
Al-Musta’an
One who is called upon for help. Surah Anbiya 21:112
Al-Muta^ali
The Exalted; the One Who is clear of the attributes of the creation. Surah Ra’ad 13:11
Malikul-Mulk
The Ruler of Kingdom; the One Who controls the dominion and gives dominion to whomever He willed.
Al-Mutakabbir
The Imperious; the One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures and of resembling them. Surah Hashr 59:23
Al-Muqaddim
The Expediter.
Al-Muqtadir
The Powerful; the One with the perfect Power from Whom nothing is withheld. Surah Qamar 54:42
Al-Muqit
The Nourisher; the One Who has the Power. Surah An-Nisa 4:85
An-Nafi^
The Benefactor; the One Who makes harm reach to whomever He willed and benefit to whomever He willed.
Al-Nasir
The Helper. Surah An-Nisa 4:45
An-Nur
The Light; the One Who guides. Surah Nur 24:35
Al-Qabid
The Contractor.
Al-Qadir
The Able; the One Who is attributed with Power. Surah An’nam 6:65
Al-Qadiir
The Mighty. Surah Nahl 16:70
Al-Qahhar
The Forgiver and the Dominant; the Subduer Who has the perfect Power and is not powerless over anything. Surah Ra’ad 13:16
Al-Qahir
The Omnipotent. Surah An-am 6:18
Al-Qarib
The Nigh (Near). Surah Hud 11:61
Al-Qawiyy
The Strong; the One with the complete Power. Surah Hajj 22:74
Al-Qayyum
The Self-Subsistent; the One Who remains and does not end. Surah Imran 2:2
Al-Quddus
The Holy; the One Who is pure from any imperfection and clear of children and adversaries. Surah Hashr 59:23
Ar-Rabb
The Sustainer. Surah Imran 3:51
Ar-Rafi^
The Exalter and the Sublime, the One Who lowers whomever He willed by His Destruction and raises whomever He willed by His Endowment. Surah Mu’minun 23:15
Ar-Rahman
The Compassionate; the One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and exclusively for the believers in the Hereafter. Surah Baqara 2:163
Ar-Rahim
The Merciful; the One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers. Surah Fatiha 1:1-2
Ar-Rashid
The Rightly Guided; the One Who guides.
Ar-Raqib
The Watcher; the One from Whom nothing is absent. Hence its meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge. Surah An-Nisa 4:7
Ar-Razzaq
The Provider; the One Who makes the Sustenance reach His slaves. Sustenance is everything that benefits, whether halal or haram. Surah Zariyat 51:58
Ar-Ra’uf
The Pardoner; the One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His Will to endow upon whomever He willed among His creatures. Surah Nur 24:20
As-Sabur
The Patient; the One Who does not quickly punish the sinners.
As-Salam
The Peace; the One Who is clear of every imperfection. Surah Hashr 59:23
As-Samad
The Eternal; the Master Who is relied upon in matters and is resorted to in one’s needs. Surah Ikhlas 112:2
As-Sami^
The Hearer; the One Who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument, or organ. Surah Imran 3:38
Ash-Shahid
The Witness; the One from Whom nothing is absent. Surah An-Nisa 4:79
Ash-Shaakir
The Appreciative. Surah Baqara 2:158
Ash-Shakur
The Grateful; the One Who gives ample reward for a little obedience. Surah Mala’ikah :34
At-Tawwab
The Acceptor of Repentence; the One Who grants repentance to whomever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance. Surah Mu’minun 23:3
Al-Wadud
The Loving; the One Who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them: Hence its meaning is related to the attributes of the Will and Kalam (His attribute with which He orders and forbids and with which He spoke to Muhammad and Musa. It is not a sound, nor a language, nor a letter.) Surah Hud 11:90
Al-Wahhab
The Bestower; the One Who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. Surah Imran 3:18
Al-Wahid
The One; the One without a partner. Surah Mu’minun 23:16
Al-Wajid
The Finder; the Rich Who is never poor. AlWajd is Richness.
Al-Wakil
The Trustee; the One Who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon. Surah An-Nisa 4:81
Al-Wali
The Governor; the One Who owns things and manages them. Surah Baqarah 2:257
Al-Waali
The Governor. Surah Ra’ad 13:11
Al-Waliyy
The Supporter; the Friend. Surah Baqara 2:257
Al-Warith
The Inheritor; the One Whose Existence remains. Surah Hijr 15:23
Al-Wasi^
The All-Embracing. Surah Baqara 2:247
Az-Zahir
The Manifest. Surah Hadid 57:3
Action Items for the Muttaqun:
1) Memorize the Names/Attributes of Allah, subhana watala
2) Do dhikr (remembrance of Allah) For example, say “ya” (“Oh”) before any of the above Names of Allah, swt, i.e. say “Ya-Rahman” or “Ya-Raheem”, etc. It is recommended to repeat names an odd number of times such as eleven times. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There are two qualities or characteristics which will not be returned by any Muslim without his entering Paradise. While they are easy, those who act upon them are few. One should say: “Glory be to Allah” (SubnahAllah) ten times after every prayer, “Praise be to Allah” (Alhamdulilah) ten times and “Allah is Most Great” (Allahu Akbar) ten times. That is a hundred and fifty on the tongue, but one thousand and five hundred on the scale. When he goes to bed, he should say: “Allah is Most Great” thirty-four times, “Praise be to Allah” thirty-three times, and Glory be to Allah thirty-three times, for that is a hundred on the tongue and a thousand on the scale. (He said:) I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) counting them on his hand. The people asked: Apostle of Allah! How is it that while they are easy, those who act upon them are few? He replied: The Devil comes to one of you when he goes to bed and he makes him sleep, before he utters them, and he comes to him while he is engaged in prayer and calls a need to his mind before he utters them. [Dawud 5047]
3) Do not use what is marketed as “dhikr beads”… use your right hand and count on the inside joints.
4) Each time you are calling upon Allah’s intervention in your life in regard to that attribute (name). Dhikr is a very integral part of a Muslim/Muslimah’s life. Remember… Allah, subhana watala, sees everything we do!
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Our Lord! grant us good in this world
and good in the hereafter,
and save us from the chastisement of the fire

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