In the name of Allah, the Most-Merciful, the All-Compassionate
“May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be Upon You”
Praise be to Allaah, we seek His help and His forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our own souls and from our bad deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides will never be led astray, and whomsoever Allaah leaves astray, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no god but Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam ‘ala Rasulillah
As-Salaam Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatuhu
The Etiquette and
Rules of the Masjid
(Friday speech delivered by Imam Mohamed Baianonie at the Islamic Center or Raleigh, NC on February 25, 2000)
source : http://islam1.org/khutub/Etiquette_of_Masjid.htm
The Etiquette and rules in the Masjid
1. Dress well and avoid everything that has an offensive smell.
The Muslim should avoid everything that has an offensive smell like garlic, onion, or smoking. And the Muslim should wear clean clothes and socks when he comes to the Masjid so that he does not offend any of the angels or Muslims around him with an offensive smell.
It was reported that the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever eats garlic, onion, then keep away from our Masjid because the angels get offended from what offends the children of Adam.” [Bukhari and Muslim] ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (radiallāhu`anhu) used to say while he on the Minbar: “I saw the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) when he found their smell (garlic, onion) from a man in the Masjid, he ordered him to be taken out.” and ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (radiallāhu`anhu) said: “If you must eat them, then cook them well.” [Muslim]
Ruling on smoking and coming to the mosque
As for women entering the masjid they should not put on perfume, adornment or make-up. Abu Hurairah (radiallāhu`anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Do not prevent the female servants of Allah from going to the mosques of Allah, but let them go out not wearing perfume.”[Narrated by Abu Dawud, 565; classified as sahih by al-Albani in Sahih Abi Dawud, 529]
Women wearing perfume when they attend the mosque
One should dress well for Solat al-Jumuah. It is a special occasion that requires Muslims to appear in the best manner possible; therefore one should put on his best attire for Solat al-Jumuah.
Allah Says: “O Children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth not the wasters.” [Al-A’raf, 7:31]
The Prophet (sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, “If one has the means, he should buy two pieces of clothing, other than his work clothes or [everyday clothing], to wear on Friday.” [Abu Dawud]
2. Pronounce a Supplication when entering the Masjid.
It is Sunnah for the Muslim, when he leaves his house and heads towards the masjid, to recite the du’a for walking to the mosque. ‘Abdallah ibn ‘Abbas (radiallāhu`anhu) said: “… Then the muezzin gave the call to prayer, and the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) came out, saying, ‘Allāhumma aj’al fi qalbi nūran wa fi lisāni nuran waj’al fi sam’i nūran waj’al fi basari nūran waj’al min khalfi nūran wa min amāmi nūran waj’al min fawqi nūran wa min tahti nūran, Allāhummah a’tini nūran’” (O Allah, place with my heart light, and upon my tongue light, and within my ears light and within my eyes light, and place behind me light and in front of me light and above me light and beneath me light, O Allah, bestow upon me light). [Narrated by Bukhāri, Muslim,
3. Enter the Masjid with his right foot first and recite the Salutation.
The Muslim should enter the Masjid with his right foot first, and then say a dua as reported by Abu Humaid (radiallāhu`anhum) who said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “When any one of you enters the mosque, let him say: “Allāhumma iftah li abwaab rahmatika” (O Allah, open to me the gates of Your mercy), and when he leaves let him say, “Allāhumma inni as’aluka min fadlika” (O Allah, I ask You of Your bounty). [Narrated by Muslim, 713]
The Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to like to start with his right in everything.
But Abu Hurairah (radiallāhu`anhu) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “When any one of you enters the masjid, let him send blessings upon the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and say, “Allāhumma iftah li abwaab rahmatika” (O Allah, open to me the gates of Your mercy). And when he leaves let him send blessings upon the Prophet (sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and say, “Allāhumma isimni minas Syaitānir-rajīm” (O Allah, protect me from the accursed Syaitan). [Narrated by Ibn Majah, 773; classified sahih by al-Albani in Sahih al-Jaami’, 515]
It was reported that “Ibn Omar (radiallāhu`anhu) used to step with his right foot first when he entered the Masjid, and step out with his left foot first when he walked out of the Masjid.”
If there is a group of people who want to enter the Masjid at the same time, then the one on the right should go in first to uphold the Sunnah of the Prophet (Sallallāhu ‘alaihi wa sallam) [Bukhāri]